Ophthalmology

Introduction

Ophthalmology is the practice of medical and surgical care of the eyes and any issues related to vision. Ophthalmologists are required to attend medical school, at least one year of an internship and at least three years of a surgical residency. By the time training is complete, an ophthalmologist will have completed at least eight years of additional schooling.
Ophthalmologists can offer complete eye care services including:

  • Eye exams and basic vision services, including prescription of glasses or contacts
  • Medical care – burns, glaucoma and other eye conditions
  • Surgical care – cataracts, crossed eyes
  • Plastic surgery – mostly cosmetic
  • Diagnosis and treatment of eye conditions related to other diseases like diabetes or arthritis

Some of the most common signs you might be dealing with an eye condition include:

  • Distorted or double vision
  • Loss of normal vision
  • Family history of eye problems
  • Bulging or misaligned eyes
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid problems
  • Dark vision blockers, or strings in vision
  • Flashes of light
  • Extreme tearing
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Red eyes or pain in the eyes
  • High blood pressure
  • Physical injury
  • Problems with eyelids
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